Good news for East Gippsland's forests, forty years coming

The Darego Tree, a gaint eucalypt in Goongerah, East Gippsland, a heavily logged area

On 12 May, logging company VicForests announced that the Eden based woodchip giant South East Fibre Exports will stop buying woodchips and logs sourced from East Gippsland's forests at the end of this year. This is momentous news after forty years of campaigning for the areas protection. Does it mean the end of logging in East Gippsland?

From the looks of VicForests' media release they've been blind-sided by this change and didn't have time to put in the positive spin – besides to say at least people now have certainty, about the industry’s uncertain future.

Industry players interviewed on ABC radio the following day all presented badly. SEFE's decision has clearly been a shock. But is this really the end of logging in East Gippsland's high conservation value forests?

When asked if SEFE will be taking any logs or sawmill waste from East Gippsland mills, SEFE General Manager, Peter Mitchell told ABC, “Not, not . . . from certain sawmills, we’ll be stopping their supply to us but others we’ll continue . . . perhaps." When asked when the decision was made, Mitchell responded, "Umm, that’s really something I’ll keep to myself actually. I don’t think this is worth sharing with anyone else.”

Reading between the lines it looks like this could spell collapse for the entire East Gippsland logging industry. Very likely, no alternative customers exist to buy the 200,000 tonnes of what the industry calls "waste" – wood that is not viable for saw logs. But VicForests are talking up possibilities to placate those remaining in the depressed industry. Woodchips and waste are the bread and butter of the East Gippsland industry. It seems pretty straight forward: no market = no industry.

No one from the logging industry could be drawn on how many jobs might be lost as a result of SEFE's decision (the fact is not many in the big scheme) and they claim there will still be an industry in East Gippsland, they just need to find ways to sell low grade wood. However, one mill owner has already stated he might have to close down if there were no markets for his waste.

The reason for the decision by Nippon’s shareholders (the owners of SEFE) to stop buying East Gippsland waste wood is due to: a structural shift in traditional markets and decommissioning of mills following the tsunami; increase in plantation chip supply from Vietnam and Thailand; and change in ownership of managed investment plantation schemes – ramping up export woodchips from Aussie plantations.

The biomass push

New South Wales has just passed legislation allowing the burning of native forests for electricity generation to be classed as "renewable”. This allows the logging industry's customers to gain financial credits, making the industry's continuation more viable. Logging companies will also be able to cut forests down that were previously unsuitable for paper making – such as the darker species. We need to keep ahead of this possibility.

Logging industry reps are yet to give a clear answer as to whether the Eden woodchip mill will continue to buy wood from New South Wales – the answer was "talk to SEFE about that". One operator admitted they have just seven months to find a large market for the woodchips and a lot of hard work needs doing.

The good news is, the biomass push has gone nowhere for the past 3 to 4 years. Two and a half thousand people have sent an online letter addressed to 30 or so energy retailers and fuel companies around the country letting them know they won't buy energy made from burning native forests. It's time to fire it up, please sign and pass it on as widely as possible.

The sawlog industry has been dying a slow death for the last 20 years as pine sawn timber has now taken over the building market. Woodchipping has provided more employment to Asian paper factories than in our own region since 1970. It looks like this could be the end, if we can knock out biomass.

SEFE's announcement has huge implications right across eastern Victoria. Nippon also owns the Australian Paper factory in the Latrobe Valley, the makers of Reflex Paper. This lost $26.5 million in 2013 and $20 million in 2012. Native forest logging is becoming a millstone around the neck of this company. Let's make it as heavy as possible.

  • Find more information about the campaign to end old growth logging in East Gippsland on Environment East Gippsland's website.
  • Follow the Biomassacre campaign to end biomass burning before it begins.
  • Check out all the groups across Australia campaigning for the protection of our native forests, old growth and rainforests.
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About the author

Jill Redwood is a long time environmental campaigner and the coordinator of Environment East Gippsland, the longest running community forest group working solely for the protection of Victoria's last and largest area of ancient forest and surrounding natural environment. Jill has lived on her self built self sufficient property in Goongerah, East Gippsland for 30 years.

If a tree falls in the forest and no one's around, is it illegal?

Why must it take a tiny environment group to force a government to obey its own laws on threatened species? Jill Redwood wonders what happened to the Victorian Government's morals.

As I write, the bulldozers and chainsaws are brutalising another superb stand of ancient forest not far from where I am just out of Orbost, south-eastern Victoria.

Those trees have stood for 600 years, sheltering and feeding generations of greater gliders and powerful owls; the lush understorey of ferns and blanket leaf have kept delicate lichens and mosses damp and cool in the hottest summers over the millennia. Liquid eyed marsupials will be huddling terrified in their hollows as these giants crash and splinter in a sickening thud that shakes the earth and shocks the heart.

After this brutality, the remaining vegetation is deliberately incinerated with a ring of intensely hot fire. Nothing escapes. It's all part of the 'sustainable forest management' lie that our governments feed us, hoping to hide the reality with a curtain of pleasing language.

We now have the absurd situation where our various governments acknowledge that many native wildlife and plant species are teetering on the edge of extinction, but the assistance offered is little more than recognition and shallow sympathy, laced with lip service and PR spin. The relentless winds of development and logging exploitation blow tough on these exquisite wonders of nature and evolution.

East Gippsland is a prime example of this situation. It has been described by Professor David Bellamy as "the most diverse area of temperate forest I know of on Earth". This small ark — just four per cent of the state — supports seven to ten times more threatened species than any other area of the state, making protection measures here vastly more effective and urgent.

The Victorian state government has been sued four times in recent years over environmental issues. Environment East Gippsland has initiated three of these legal actions and not lost a case, although one has been settled out of court and another is likely to follow suit. The government and its logging agency VicForests agreed to abide by their own laws after being forced to the steps of the Supreme Court.

Why, in a developed country should small regional volunteer groups, which run on a meagre budget, be forced to take on the behemoth monster that is the government? The answer is that our democracy is a façade behind which vested interests and large exploitative corporations call the shots.

Our latest court challenge has resulted in the government committing to prepare plans for saving a small sample of four species that are diminishing as their homes are logged and burnt. But there remains 370 others struggling to survive an endless onslaught from land clearing, logging, development, burning, grazing and mining. We don't know their numbers, whereabouts or condition as the government is taking no responsibility for monitoring their situation.

The Auditor General's report of April 2009 was scathing of the way the state's Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act is administered. It said: "At the current rate of progress, with existing resources, it will take a further 22 years for the department to complete action statements for the 653 items currently listed as threatened".

That was before Victoria's Coalition Government sacked eight tram-loads of scientists and biodiversity staff and axed $130.6 million from its environment department.

Yet Department of Environment and Primary Industries senior minister Peter Walsh's media department tells us they are working hard to protect species. Minister Walsh's meaningless reassurances are just that. They have no legal teeth. The biodiversity and land management sections have been reduced to an ineffective shadow of what it once was — an overworked handful of token staff remain.

As a result of EEG's legal challenge, the beautiful glossy black cockatoo finally had a draft action statement drawn up last month after waiting 18 years on the threatened species list. But Minister Walsh's staff have found a loophole — we now learn that although the plan itself is a legal obligation, it doesn't need to have concrete protection measures. The language does not bind anyone to do anything. For example, to 'protect identified nesting trees' won't ever happen if no one is given that task of looking for them. Nudge, nudge, wink, wink.

The 18-year delay in producing an action statement allowed continuing clearfelling and burning of the glossy black cockatoos' habitat. This has almost certainly meant its Victorian population is even more precarious. Its population could in fact now be critically endangered in this state. Its belated action statement must be unambiguous and clear as to what actions must be taken to protect it; how it is intended to do this and with what resources.

We do not live in a debt-ridden developing country. We have one of the strongest economies in the world and a most remarkable and diverse array of Australian plants and wildlife. There is no excuse to be flicking them into the extinction pit for the sake of a muscle bound industry's profit margins or the political expedience of a government devoid of morals.


About the author

Jill Redwood is a long time environmental campaigner and the coordinator of Environment East Gippsland, the longest running community forest group working solely for the protection of Victoria's last and largest area of ancient forest and surrounding natural environment. Jill has lived on her self built self sufficient property in Goongerah, East Gippsland for 30 years.

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